A Yale study has unveiled new information on what makes the human brain different than from other species. Their results appeared in Science.
For their study, Yale researchers turned their attention to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dIPFC), known for its role in higher-order cognition in primates.
“Here, we assessed over 600,000 single-nucleus transcriptomes from adult human, chimpanzee, macaque, and marmoset dlPFC,” according to the Yale research group.
“While most transcriptomically-defined cell subtypes are conserved, we detected several only in some species and substantial species-specific molecular differences across homologous neuronal, glial and non-neural subtypes.”
What the authors concluded: “We generated a comprehensive survey of dlPFC cellular repertoire and its shared and divergent features in anthropoid primates.”