The legal use of cannabis for medicinal purposes is on the rise in many states within America, yielding a potential problem of abuse.
According to a study in JAMA, pregnant women are increasingly consuming cannabis, heightening the risk of drug abuse.
Researchers at Columbia University identified close to 250,000 female participants who had been pregnant during their use of cannabis. They were classified based on three groups, in accordance with their drug consumption.
From the findings: “In this cross-sectional study of 20 914 591 female individuals in 35 US states, the proportion of prenatal hospitalizations involving cannabis use disorder (CUD) increased substantially between 2010 and 2018.”
“There was a higher prevalence of depression, anxiety, and nausea disorders in prenatal hospitalizations with CUD compared with those without CUD, regardless of concomitant substance use disorders.”
The authors concluded: “This study highlights the need for more screening, prevention, and treatment, particularly in populations with co-occurring CUD and psychiatric disorders. Research on the determinants and outcomes associated with CUD during pregnancy is needed to guide clinicians, policy makers, and patients in making informed decisions.”