For individuals susceptible to developing metabolic syndrome (MetS), also known as insulin resistance syndrome, coffee consumption may help reduce the risk, a new report suggests.
In the report, released by the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee, researchers reviewed Italian and Polish cohort studies to identify any correlation between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome. Research pertaining to links between moderate coffee consumption and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease was also examined.
Meta-analyses from a Mediterranean cohort based on correlations between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome were also reviewed, in addition to another study involving 22,000 participants from the Seguimiento University of Navarra.
Based on the findings, consuming only 1-4 cups of coffee per day was linked to a lower risk of metabolic syndrome. However, higher consumption did not lead to similar results.
The results were consistent for both genders. “The inverse association between coffee consumption and metabolic syndrome was shown in both men and women,” according to the ISIC report.
“Meta-analyses have suggested that a moderate consumption of both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee may be associated with a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome.”
“Further research is required to better understand the mechanisms involved in the association. To date, in research the importance of polyphenols and hydroxycinnamic acids has been of note.”
Metabolic syndrome is expected to affect more than one billion people globally, with a current rate of 3 million cases in the U.S. each year.