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Schizophrenia


Classification: Psychotic Disorder

ICD-9-CM Code: 295.90

ICD-10-CM Code: F20.9

Symptoms: Positive symptoms: delusions and hallucinations; Disorganized speech; Grossly disorganized, abnormal or catatonic behavior; Negative symptoms: flat affect, anhedonia, and avolition.

* Impaired functioning in major areas such as work, school, interpersonal relations, and self-care.

Subtypes:

  • Paranoid (persecutory delusions)
  • Disorganized (incoherent speech and behavior)
  • Catatonic (stupor and bizarre body postures)
  • Undifferentiated (does not meet criteria for other subtypes)
  • Residual (no longer exhibits prominent symptoms)

Usual Onset: Early Adulthood

Comorbidity: Substance-Related Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Depressive Disorders

Gender Ratio: Men > Women

Suicide Risk: High

Treatment:

  • Antipsychotics
  • Family Therapy
  • Music Therapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Cognitive Remediation Therapy
  • Assertive Community Treatment
  • Supported Employment

 

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